AskDefine | Define liana

Dictionary Definition

liana n : a woody climbing usually tropical plant

User Contributed Dictionary

see Liana

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A climbing woody vine, usually tropical.

Translations

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Extensive Definition

This article is about a kind of plant growth form. For other uses of liana, see liana (disambiguation).
The liana is any of various long-stemmed, usually woody vines that are rooted in the soil at ground level and use trees, as well as other means of vertical support, to climb up to the canopy in order to get access to well-lit areas of the forest. Lianas are especially characteristic of tropical moist deciduous forests and rainforests. These climbers often form bridges between the forest canopy, connect the entire forest and provide arboreal animals with paths across the forest. There are also temperate lianas, however, for example the members of the genus Clematis. Well-known lianas include Arnold, Monkey Ladder, Water Vine and Pothos.
Lianas are useful navigation tools for arboreal species such as lemurs. For example, in the eastern rainforests of Madagascar, many prosimians achieve higher mobility from the web of lianas draped amongst the vertical tree species. Some lianas are strong enough to support the weight of a human.
Note that "liana" is not a taxonomic grouping, but rather a description of the way the plant grows, and lianas may be found in many different plant families.

References

liana in Czech: Liána
liana in Danish: Lian
liana in German: Liane (Pflanze)
liana in Spanish: Liana
liana in Esperanto: Liano
liana in French: Liane (plante)
liana in Indonesian: Liana
liana in Italian: Liana
liana in Georgian: ლიანები
liana in Lithuanian: Liana
liana in Dutch: Liaan
liana in Norwegian: Lian
liana in Polish: Liany
liana in Portuguese: Liana
liana in Quechua: Waska yura
liana in Russian: Лианы
liana in Finnish: Liaani
liana in Swedish: Lian
liana in Turkish: Liana

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

algae, autophyte, bean, bracken, brown algae, climber, conferva, confervoid, creeper, diatom, fern, fruits and vegetables, fucus, fungus, grapevine, green algae, gulfweed, herb, heterophyte, ivy, kelp, legume, lentil, lichen, liverwort, mold, moss, mushroom, parasite, parasitic plant, pea, perthophyte, phytoplankton, planktonic algae, plant families, puffball, pulse, red algae, rockweed, rust, saprophyte, sargasso, sargassum, sea lentil, sea moss, sea wrack, seaweed, smut, succulent, toadstool, vetch, vine, wort, wrack
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